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Powdery mildew

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Powdery mildew
Powdery Mildew on Pumpkin Leaf
Powdery mildew on a pumpkin leaf
Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Class: Leotiomycetes
Order: Erysiphales

Powdery mildew is a fungal disease that affects a wide range of plants. Powdery mildew diseases are caused by many different species of fungi in the order Erysiphales.

Identifying FeaturesEdit

It is one of the easier diseases to spot, as its symptoms are quite distinctive. Infected plants display white powdery spots on the leaves and stems. The lower leaves are the most affected, but the mildew can appear on any above-ground part of the plant. As the disease progresses, the spots get larger and denser as large numbers of asexual spores are formed, and the mildew may spread up and down the length of the plant.

TreatmentEdit

As powdery mildew does not like wet conditions, wetting the leaves reduces the severity of attack. A "wetter", e.g. detergent, has to be added (just a squirt); plain water will just run off the leaves. Weeds can over-winter the fungus, so good garden hygiene is essential. Remove and bin or burn infected leaves, do not compost them.

Once on a crop, treatment can be difficult, the mixture for a treatent spray is as follows:

1/2 Tblspn Sodium Bicarbonate (Baking Soda)

1/2 Tblspn Casteel Soap / Dormant Oil

1 Pint of Pure Water

Though this mix does not erradicate the disease, it notably reduces its spread and impact on the crop, allowing for healthy vines and successfull harvest.

PreventionEdit

Ensure plants have adequate water, especially those in containers, and apply mulches over moist soil if grown in open soil. Avoid overcrowding plants to give good air circulation and minimise humidity. Don't feed plants too much nitrogen-rich fertiliser because this encourages lush sappy growth which is more susceptible to infection.[1]

ExamplesEdit

SpeciesEdit

Erysiphe speciesEdit

Leveillula speciesEdit

Neoerysiphe speciesEdit

Podosphaera speciesEdit

[2]

ReferencesEdit

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).

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