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Pepper weevil
Pepper weevil Anthonomus eugenii Adult
Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Coleoptera
Family: Curculionidae
Genus: Anthonomus
Species: Anthonomus eugenii
Synonyms

Barrenillo del chile (Spanish)
Pepper weevil (English)

Anthonomus aeneotinctus Champion

The pepper weevil (Anthonomus eugenii) feeds and lays eggs on plants of the genus Capsicum and a few species of Solanum.[1] It is an important pest of Capsicum in Florida, Puerto Rico, and Central America.[2]

SymptomsEdit

Adults feed on leaves and blossoms and bore into fruits. Early signs are small holes in immature fruits and small circular or oval holes (2-5 mm) in leaves. These can be mistaken for slug or caterpillar damage. Larvae feed on seeds and other tissue in the developing fruits.[3]

TreatmentEdit

Successful eradication can be achieved by clearing glasshouses of all crop residues, spraying with hydrated lime, removing all standing water, maintaining 20°C (68°F) or over for at least 10 days and fumigating with a variety of products.[4]

ExamplesEdit


ReferencesEdit

  1. K. M. Addesso, H. J. McAuslane, P. A. Stansly & D. J. Schuster (2007). Host-marking by female pepper weevils, Anthonomus eugenii. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata.
  2. Schuster, David J. Suppression of Anthonomus eugenii (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) pepper fruit infestation with releases of Catolaccus hunteri (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae). Biocontrol Science and Technology, Volume 17, Number 4, 2007 , pp. 345-351(7).
  3. Costello, R.A.; Gillespie, D.R. (1993) The pepper weevil, Anthonomus eugenii as a greenhouse pest in Canada. Bulletin SROP 16, 31-34.
  4. Data Sheets on Quarantine Pests - Anthonomus eugenii. The European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. p. 1-2.
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