Holy basil
Basil Holy basil
Scientific Classification
Species: Ocimum tenuiflorum
Plant Data
Min germination temp: 10°C (50°F)
Max germination temp: 15°C (59°F)
Germination time: 7 days
Time to transplanting: +37 days
Time to harvesting: +77 days
Mature height: 30-60cm (1-2ft)
Mature spread: 30cm (12in)
Ideal pH range: 6.0 - 7.5
Sow depth: ⅓cm (⅛in)
Sow spacing: 1cm (½in)
Growing plant spacing: 25cm (9in)
Growing row spacing: 25cm (9in)
References: [1]

Holy basil (Ocimum tenuiflorum) is an aromatic plant in the family Lamiaceae which is native throughout the Old World tropics and widespread as a cultivated plant and an escaped weed.[2] It is an erect, much branched subshrub 30-60cm (1-2ft) tall with hairy stems and simple opposite green leaves that are strongly scented. Leaves have petioles, and are ovate, up to 5cm (2in) long, usually slightly toothed. Flowers are purplish in elongate racemes in close whorls.[3] There are two main morphotypes cultivated in India—green-leaved (Sri or Lakshmi tulsi) and purple-leaved (Krishna tulsi).[4]

There is also a variety of Ocimum tenuiflorum which is used in Thai cuisine, and is referred to as Thai holy basil,[2] not be confused with Thai basil, which is a variety of Ocimum basilicum.


Main article: Basil


Full troubles list: Mint troubles


  1. Basil. myfolia. Retrieved: 2010-08-27.
  2. a b Staples, G.; Kristiansen, M.S. (1999). Ethnic Culinary Herbs. University of Hawaii Press. p. 73. ISBN 9780824820947
  3. Warrier, P.K. (1995). Indian Medicinal Plants. Orient Longman. p. 168.
  4. Kothari, S.K.; Bhattacharya, A.K.; et al. (2005). Volatile Constituents in Oil from Different Plant Parts of Methyl Eugenol-Rich Ocimum tenuiflorum L.f. (syn. O. sanctum L.) Grown in South India. Journal of Essential Oil Research: JEOR. Retrieved 2008-09-05.
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Basil varieties
O. americanum American basil · Lime basil
O. basilicum Cinnamon basil · Dark opal basil · Fino verde basil · Genovese basil · Lettuce leaf basil · Magical Michael · Mammoth basil · Mrs. Burns lemon basil · Nufar basil · Osmin purple basil · Purple ruffles basil · Red rubin basil · Spicy globe basil · Sweet basil · Thai basil
O. gratissimum African basil
O. tenuiflorum Holy basil
Hybrid basils African blue basil · Lemon basil

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