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Chilli
Chilli Cayenne
A large red cayenne chilli
Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(Unranked): Angiosperms
(Unranked): Eudicots
(Unranked): Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Capsicum
Cultivar Group: Longum group
Synonyms

Chile
Chili
Chillie
Chilli
Chilli pepper

Plant Data
Min germination temp: 18°C (64°F)
Max germination temp: 32°C (90°F)
Germination time: 9 days
Time to transplanting: +30 days
Time to harvesting: +78 days
Mature height: 46cm (18in)
Mature spread: 30cm (12in)
Soil type: Loam
Ideal pH range: 7.0 - 8.5
Sow depth: ½cm (¼in)
Sow spacing: 5cm (2in)
Sow row spacing: 35cm (14in)
Growing plant spacing: 40cm (16in)
References: [1]
Hardiness Zones
Ideal Hardiness Zones
· · · · 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Chilli is the vegetable[2] of plants from the genus Capsicum, members of the nightshade family, Solanaceae.

Chili peppers originated in the Americas. After the Columbian Exchange, many cultivars of chili pepper spread across the world, used in both food and medicine.

PlannerEdit

UK Planner
J F M A M J J A S O N D
Sow (indoors for greenhouse crop)
Transplant (greenhouse)
Sow (indoors for outdoor crop)
Transplant (outdoors, under glass)
Harvest

GrowingEdit

LocationEdit

OutdoorsEdit

Choose a sunny, sheltered site with well-drained, fertile soil.

SoilEdit

OutdoorsEdit

Add a general-purpose fertiliser before planting.

GreenhouseEdit

Grow in 23cm (9in) pots filled with compost or in grow bags with a maximum of 3 per bag.

SowingEdit

Raise seedlings under glass at 15-21°C (60-70°F). Sow two seeds in a compost-filled peat pot - remove the weaker seedling once they have both emerged.[3] Plants may need to be re-potted in several stages before transplanting.

OutdoorsEdit

Harden plants off outdoors before transplanting.

TransplantingEdit

OutdoorsEdit

Cover soil with a cloche two weeks before planting to warm the soil.

Upturn pots and retain the root ball. Transplant into pre-made holes the size of the pots and cover and firm the roots with soil. Leave 48cm (18in) between plants. Cover with cloches.

AftercareEdit

Mist plants to keep down red spider mite and encourage vegetable to set.

Support once the stems grow tall enough.

Do not pinch out the growing tip as with cordon tomatoes.

HarvestingEdit

Pick as required. Chillies will usually change colour as they ripen. The longer they are left on the plant, the hotter they tend to become.

TroublesEdit

Full troubles list: Pepper troubles

ReferencesEdit

  1. Chili Pepper. myfolia.com. Retrieved: 2010-09-01.
  2. Rhodes, D. (2009). HORT410 - Vegetable Crops Peppers - Notes. Purdue University - Horticulture & Landscape Architecture. Retrieved: 2010-09-01.
  3. Hessayon, D.G. (2009). The Vegetable & Herb Expert. Transworld Publishers, London. p. 39. ISBN 9780903505468
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
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Pepper varieties
Chilli · Sweet pepper
C. annuum Aleppo · Ammazzo · Anaheim · Antohi romanian · Apache · Ancho gigantea · Arizona chiltepin · Azr · Banana · Bassotto · Bell · Berbere · Bhavnagari long · Big bomb · Blushing beauty · Bolivian rainbow · Born fire · Buran · Candlelight · Carmen · Cayenne · Cayenne long purple · Charleston hot · Chervena chushka · Cherry bomb · Cheyenne · Chilly chili · Chiltepin · Chimayo · Chocolate beauty · Chocolate bell · Cobra · Crest · Cubanelle · Cyklon · Czechoslovakian black · De árbol · Demon red · Devil · Doe hill golden · Don emilio · Dutch hot · Early jalapeño · Elephant trunk · Etna · Fajita bell · Fire cracker · Fish · Gamba · Garden salsa · Garden sunshine · Giallo d'asti · Giallo di cuneo · Giant szegedi · Giant thai · Goat's weed · Golden heat · Golden horn · Golden nugget · Grande jalapeño · Guajillo · Hot portugal · Hot summer · Hungarian black · Hungarian hot wax · Hercules · Jalapeño · Joe Parker · Joe's long · Krakatoa · Krimzon lee · Mariachi · Mirasol · Navaho · NuMex big jim · NuMex twilight · Orange cayenne · Pasilla · Pasilla bajio · Pelita · Pepperoncini · Pequin · Peruvian purple · Piccante de cayenne · Piccante rosso di caienna · Pico de gallo · Pimento · Pinocchio's nose · Poblano · Pusa jwala · Raja's pride · Red peter · Riot · Rota basco · San ardo · Santa fe grande · Señorita · Serrano · Sigaretto di bergamo · Stavros Greek pepperoncini · Thai yellow · Volcano · Wenk's yellow
C. baccatum Aji · Aji amarillo · Aji blanco · Aji colorado · Aji crystal · Aji exploding fire · Aji limón · Aji rojo · Balloon · Bolivian marble · Brazilian starfish · Earbob · Hot lemon · Piquanté · Pumpkin
C. chinense Aji brown · Ají dulce · Aji umba · Antillais caribbean · Australian lantern · Belize sweet · Carmine · Carolina yellow · Charapita · Chichen itza · Chocolate habanero · Fatalii · Fogoso · Habanero · Golden habanero · Habanero little finger · Hot paper lantern · Jamaican hot chocolate · Limo · Luciferino · Madame Jeanette · Naga jolokia · Orange plum · Peach habanero · Red mushroom · Red savina · Safi · Scotch bonnet · Scotch bonnet yellow · Tazmanian · Trinidad seasoning · White habanero
C. frutescens Ají caballero · Bangalore torpedo · Bird's eye chilli · Cabai burong · Kurnool · Megh · Piri piri · Tabasco · Thai bangkok upright
C. praetermissum Cumari
C. pubescens Rocoto
Peppers by Scoville rating: · (1) 0-100 · (2) 101-500 · (3) 501-2,500 · (4) 2,501-10,000 · (5) 10,001-30,000 · (6) 30,001-50,000 · (7) 50,001-100,000 · (8) 100,001-350,000 · (9) 350,001-2,000,000

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