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Chilli
Tabasco
Chilli Tabasco
Tabasco chillies (ripe and unripe)
Scientific Classification
Species: Capsicum frutescens
Subspecies: Capsicum frutescens var. 'tabasco'
Plant Data
Heat:
· · · · · 6 · · ·
Scoville heat units: 30,000 - 50,000
References: [1]

The tabasco pepper is a variety of chilli species Capsicum frutescens. It is best known through its use in Tabasco sauce.

Like all C. frutescens cultivars, the tabasco plant has a typical bushy growth, which commercial cultivation makes stronger by trimming the plants. The tapered fruits, around 4cm (1½in) long, are initially pale yellowish-green and turn yellow and orange before ripening to bright red. Tabascos rate from 30,000 to 50,000 on the Scoville scale of heat levels[2], and are the only variety of chilli whose fruits are "juicy"; i.e., they are not dry on the inside. Unlike most chillis, tabasco fruits grow up, rather than hanging down from their stems.

A large part of the tabasco pepper stock fell victim to the tobacco mosaic virus in the 1960s; the first resistant variety (Greenleaf tabasco) was not cultivated until around 1970.[3]


GrowingEdit

Main article: Chilli

TroublesEdit

Main article: Pepper troubles

ReferencesEdit

  1. Tabasco - Chile pepper database. The Chileman.org. Retreived: 2010-09-02.
  2. McGee, H. (2004). On Food and Cooking: The Science and Lore of the Kitchen. by Simon and Schuster. p. 421. ISBN 0684800012.
  3. Andrews, J. (1998). The Pepper Lady's Pocket Pepper Primer. University of Texas Press. p. 151. ISBN 0292704836
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C. baccatum Aji · Aji amarillo · Aji blanco · Aji colorado · Aji crystal · Aji exploding fire · Aji limón · Aji rojo · Balloon · Bolivian marble · Brazilian starfish · Earbob · Hot lemon · Piquanté · Pumpkin
C. chinense Aji brown · Ají dulce · Aji umba · Antillais caribbean · Australian lantern · Belize sweet · Carmine · Carolina yellow · Charapita · Chichen itza · Chocolate habanero · Fatalii · Fogoso · Habanero · Golden habanero · Habanero little finger · Hot paper lantern · Jamaican hot chocolate · Limo · Luciferino · Madame Jeanette · Naga jolokia · Orange plum · Peach habanero · Red mushroom · Red savina · Safi · Scotch bonnet · Scotch bonnet yellow · Tazmanian · Trinidad seasoning · White habanero
C. frutescens Ají caballero · Bangalore torpedo · Bird's eye chilli · Cabai burong · Kurnool · Megh · Piri piri · Tabasco · Thai bangkok upright
C. praetermissum Cumari
C. pubescens Rocoto
Peppers by Scoville rating: · (1) 0-100 · (2) 101-500 · (3) 501-2,500 · (4) 2,501-10,000 · (5) 10,001-30,000 · (6) 30,001-50,000 · (7) 50,001-100,000 · (8) 100,001-350,000 · (9) 350,001-2,000,000

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