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Chilli
Bird's eye chilli
Chilli Bird's eye chilli
Bird's eye chilli
Scientific Classification
Species: Capsicum frutescens
Bird's eye chilli geographical distribution
Locations where Bird's eye chillies grow naturally (red)
Synonyms

Bird's eye chili
Boonie pepper
Cabe rawit (Indonesian)
Cengek (Sundanese)
Cengis (Banyumasan language)
Cili padi (Malay)
Kanthari mulagu (Malayalam)
Kochchi (Sinhalese)
Ladâ
Lombok rawit (Javanese)
Phrik khi nu (Thai)
Siling labuyo (Tagalog/Filipino)
Thai dragon
Thai hot

Plant Data
Heat:
· · · · · · · 8 ·
Scoville heat units: 100,000-175,000
References: [1]

Bird's eye chilli is a chilli pepper of the species Capsicum frutescens in the family Solanaceae, commonly found in Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines and Singapore. It can also be found in India, mainly Kerala, where it is used in traditional dishes of the Kerala cuisine. This species is also found in rural areas of Sri Lanka, where it is used as a substitute for green chillies.

The bird's eye chili plant is a perennial with small, tapering fruits, often 2-3, at a node. The fruits of most varieties are red, some are yellow, purple or black. The fruits are very pungent. The flowers are greenish white or yellowish white.[2]

Taxonomically, it has long been thought that the bird's eye chili belongs to Capsicum frutescens,[3][4], but there are now some who list the bird's eye chili as belonging to Capsicum chinense.[5]

The bird's eye chili is small but packs quite a lot of heat. At one time it was even listed as the hottest chili in the Guinness Book of World Records but other hotter varieties of chili have since been identified. It measures around 50,000-100,000 Scoville units which is at the lower end of the range for the hotter Habanero chili.

GrowingEdit

Main article: Chilli

TroublesEdit

Main article: Pepper troubles

ReferencesEdit

  1. Birds Eye - Chile pepper database. The Chileman.org. Retreived: 2010-09-01.
  2. Hot Pepper. Philippines - Department of Agriculture. Retrieved: 2010-09-02.
  3. Capsicum Frutescens Linn. Sileng-Labuyo.
  4. (2010). Chile database. Retrieved: 2010-09-02.
  5. DeWitt, D.; Bosland, P.W. (1996). Peppers of the World: An Identification Guide, page 63. Ten Speed Press. ISBN 0898158400. Retrieved 2009-10-25.
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Pepper varieties
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C. baccatum Aji · Aji amarillo · Aji blanco · Aji colorado · Aji crystal · Aji exploding fire · Aji limón · Aji rojo · Balloon · Bolivian marble · Brazilian starfish · Earbob · Hot lemon · Piquanté · Pumpkin
C. chinense Aji brown · Ají dulce · Aji umba · Antillais caribbean · Australian lantern · Belize sweet · Carmine · Carolina yellow · Charapita · Chichen itza · Chocolate habanero · Fatalii · Fogoso · Habanero · Golden habanero · Habanero little finger · Hot paper lantern · Jamaican hot chocolate · Limo · Luciferino · Madame Jeanette · Naga jolokia · Orange plum · Peach habanero · Red mushroom · Red savina · Safi · Scotch bonnet · Scotch bonnet yellow · Tazmanian · Trinidad seasoning · White habanero
C. frutescens Ají caballero · Bangalore torpedo · Bird's eye chilli · Cabai burong · Kurnool · Megh · Piri piri · Tabasco · Thai bangkok upright
C. praetermissum Cumari
C. pubescens Rocoto
Peppers by Scoville rating: · (1) 0-100 · (2) 101-500 · (3) 501-2,500 · (4) 2,501-10,000 · (5) 10,001-30,000 · (6) 30,001-50,000 · (7) 50,001-100,000 · (8) 100,001-350,000 · (9) 350,001-2,000,000

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