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Capsicum chinense 'Naga jolokia'

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Chilli
Naga jolokia
Chilli Bhut jolokia
Two ripe bhut jolokia chillies
Scientific Classification
Species: Capsicum chinense, Capsicum frutescens
Synonyms

Bhoot chile
Bhut jolokia
Bih jolokia
Borbih jolokia
Cobra chilli
Dorset naga
Ghost chili
Nagahari
Naga jolokia
Naga king chili
Nai Mirris (Sri Lanka)
Raja chilli
Raja mircha

Plant Data
Mature height: 45-120cm (18-48in)
Heat:
· · · · · · · · 9
Scoville heat units: 1,001,304

The Naga Jolokia is a naturally-occurring interspecific hybrid primarily from Bangladesh, but also from the neighbouring Assam region of northeastern India.[1][2] It grows in the Indian states of Assam, Nagaland and Manipur, and the Sylhet region of Bangladesh. It can also be found in rural Sri Lanka where it is known as Nai Mirris (Cobra Chilli). There was initially some confusion and disagreement about whether the Naga was a Capsicum frutescens[3] or a Capsicum chinense pepper, but DNA tests showed it to be an interspecies hybrid, mostly C. chinense with some C. frutescens genes.[4] In 2007, Guinness World Records certified the Naga Jolokia as the world's hottest chili pepper, 400 times hotter than Tabasco sauce.

GrowingEdit

Main article: Chilli

TroublesEdit

Main article: Pepper troubles

ReferencesEdit

  1. Shaline L. Lopez (2007). NMSU is home to the world's hottest chile pepper. Retrieved 2007-02-21.
  2. 'Ghost chile' burns away stomach ills - Diet & Nutrition - MSNBC.com:. Associated Press. 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-05.
  3. Mathur R, et al. (2000). The hottest chile variety in India. Current Science 79 (3): 287–8.
  4. Paul W. Bosland and Jit B. Baral (2007). 'Bhut Jolokia'—The World's Hottest Known Chile Pepper is a Putative Naturally Occurring Interspecific Hybrid. Horticultural Science 42 (2): 222–4.
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C. baccatum Aji · Aji amarillo · Aji blanco · Aji colorado · Aji crystal · Aji exploding fire · Aji limón · Aji rojo · Balloon · Bolivian marble · Brazilian starfish · Earbob · Hot lemon · Piquanté · Pumpkin
C. chinense Aji brown · Ají dulce · Aji umba · Antillais caribbean · Australian lantern · Belize sweet · Carmine · Carolina yellow · Charapita · Chichen itza · Chocolate habanero · Fatalii · Fogoso · Habanero · Golden habanero · Habanero little finger · Hot paper lantern · Jamaican hot chocolate · Limo · Luciferino · Madame Jeanette · Naga jolokia · Orange plum · Peach habanero · Red mushroom · Red savina · Safi · Scotch bonnet · Scotch bonnet yellow · Tazmanian · Trinidad seasoning · White habanero
C. frutescens Ají caballero · Bangalore torpedo · Bird's eye chilli · Cabai burong · Kurnool · Megh · Piri piri · Tabasco · Thai bangkok upright
C. praetermissum Cumari
C. pubescens Rocoto
Peppers by Scoville rating: · (1) 0-100 · (2) 101-500 · (3) 501-2,500 · (4) 2,501-10,000 · (5) 10,001-30,000 · (6) 30,001-50,000 · (7) 50,001-100,000 · (8) 100,001-350,000 · (9) 350,001-2,000,000

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